In the calamity of the financial crisis, many financial institutions failed under the immense pressure or experienced traumatic hardships, mostly due to a lack of liquidity.
Under a newly proposed rule, the largest U.S. banks will have to prove that they have enough cash set aside for business operations up to a year to lower liquidity risk among the institutions to reduce the chances of yet another crash.
According to the Martin J. Gruenberg Chairman of the FDIC, the suggested regulation would "ensure that lending and investing activities of large banking organizations are sufficiently supported by sources of stable funding over a one-year horizon."
He continued, "Maintaining sufficient amounts of stable funding strengthens a bank's liquidity profile by reducing the risk of funding disruptions."
Regulators said that banks’ current balance sheets point to a small shortfall of stable funding. Among the 35 largest U.S. banks, funds would need to be boosted by 0.5 percent, or an additional $39 billion in funding, according to regulators.
Institutions that would be covered under the Net Stable Funding Ratio rule would need to maintain sufficient levels of stable funding, including capital, long-term debt, and other stable sources over a one-year window. According to the FDIC, the stored funds will account for the liquidity risks arising from their assets, derivatives, and off-balance sheet activities.
"Institutions would be less at risk of facing funding disruptions or liquidity runs that could threaten their viability," Gruenberg explained. "The proposed rule would thereby enhance the resilience of the banking system as a whole by ensuring that banking institutions subject to this rule have sufficient amounts of stable funding."
Regulators stated that the proposed rule would apply to two types of banking organizations:
- Banks, bank holding companies, and savings and loan holding companies with $250 billion or more in total assets or with $10 billion or more in foreign exposures; and
- Insured depository institutions with $10 billion or more in assets that are consolidated subsidiaries of the aforementioned banking organizations.
The Net Stable Funding Ratio aligns with the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision's net stable funding ratio, which was completed in 2014. This proposal complements the Liquidity Coverage Ratio Rule previously issued by the three federal banking agencies in September 2014.
"The proposed Net Stable Funding Ratio rule is one piece of a broader effort to increase the resiliency of the banking system and complements the liquidity rule, the agencies’ enhanced capital standards, and the OCC’s robust bank supervision," said Comptroller of the Currency Thomas J. Curry.
All three agencies will need to approve the plan before it is released to the industry and the public for comment. The FDIC and OCC signed off on approval of the draft rule Tuesday. Comments on the proposal are due by August 5, 2016.