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How will Fed Rate Hikes Affect Housing?

The meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)—the policy-making arm of the Federal Reserve begins today. This is also the first time that the meeting is being led by Jerome Powell the new Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board. And while the market expects rate hikes to be announced at the end of this meeting, everyone’s interested to know if the meeting also throws light on long-term policy-tightening measures and what it would mean for the housing industry.

In its recent economic forecast, Fannie Mae has said that it expects the current downshift in the first quarter to be temporary as economic fundamentals remain positive. The Economic and Statistic Group (ESR) of the GSE is, in fact, expecting at least three rate hikes this year.

“The ESR Group continues to expect the first rate increase of the year at the March meeting, followed by two more increases later this year,” Fannie Mae said in its monthly Economic Outlook Report.

Economists monitoring the housing market agree. “Expect the Fed to keep raising rates this year with this being the first of what's expected to be a total of three or four hikes of a quarter-point each in 2018,” said Holden Lewis, Research Analyst, at NerdWallet.

“The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting starts today and experts agree that an increase in the Federal Funds Rate is almost certain. In fact, the expectation of future Fed rate hikes is already putting upward pressure on mortgage rates,” said Mark Fleming, Chief Economist at First American. “The benchmark 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage rate jumped three basis points to 4.4 percent this past week. Since the start of the year, the benchmark rate has climbed almost half a percentage point and has increased for eight consecutive weeks.”

Explaining the effect of these hikes on consumers with a home equity line of credit (HELOC), Lewis said, “If a consumer has a HELOC, every Fed rate hike affects their bottom line. The interest rates on their credit cards and HELOC go up whenever the Fed raises short-term rates. So a Fed increase by a quarter of a percentage point means consumers’ interest rates go up by the same amount.”

About Author: Radhika Ojha

Radhika Ojha is an independent writer and editor. A former Online Editor and currently a reporter for MReport, she is a graduate of the University of Pune, India, where she received her B.A. in Commerce with a concentration in Accounting and Marketing and an M.A. in Mass Communication. Upon completion of her master’s degree, Ojha worked at a national English daily publication in India (The Indian Express) where she was a staff writer in the cultural and arts features section. Ojha also worked as Principal Correspondent at HT Media Ltd and at Honeywell as an executive in corporate communications. She and her husband currently reside in Houston, Texas.

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