The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is proposing a rule designed to improve the availability of access to credit.
The proposed rule would update the reporting requirements contained within the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) and simplify the reporting process for financial institutions.
The HMDA requires lenders to report information on home loans that they originate or purchase. Regulators use the information to determine whether the lenders are meeting the needs of the community and to possibly identify discriminatory lending practices.
"It is critical that we shed more light on the mortgage market—the largest consumer financial market in the world," said CFPB Director Richard Cordray with the release of the proposed rule. "The Home Mortgage Disclosure Act helps financial regulators and public officials keep a watchful eye on emerging trends and problem areas in the mortgage market. Today's proposal would help us understand better how to protect consumers' access to mortgage credit while simplifying the reporting requirements for financial institutions."
CFPB was charged with revisiting the HMDA as part of the passage of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in 2010.
There are two main areas of focus:
First, the bureau is proposing that lenders be required to report information that could identify discriminatory lending patterns on the part of the financial institution. The new information would include at the very least the property value, the term of the loan, and the borrower's age and credit score.
The second area that the bureau wants more information on is access to credit in the market. CFPB wants data that would allow regulators to better understand how ability-to-pay requirements are affecting the marketplace. It would be accomplished by providing more information on underwriting and pricing such as debt-to-income ratio, the interest rate of the loan, and the total discount points charged for the loan.
The proposal also calls for the simplification of the reporting process for financial institutions. It purports to standardize the reporting threshold for most lenders, relax the reporting requirements for some smaller lenders, and improve the electronic reporting process.
The proposed rule will be open for public comment through October 22, 2014.